Amputation Tools From Before There Were Pain Killers
#1 Limb Vice
Notice the limb vice used as a sort of primitive tourniquet to stop bleeding...when that didn't work surgeons would just yank back with a towel.
#2 Compound Fracture
In the Victorian Era compound fractures, or fractures in which bone pierced through skin were amputated. There was no other means of setting the fracture back without rendering an infected wound.